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Acne is one of the most common skin diseases in the United States. It is not contagious, but rather develops most prevalently during the teenage years and the early 20s. Acne is caused by an excess production of oil in the sebaceous glands. Acne comes in many varieties including blackheads, whiteheads and more severe forms including severe nodular acne and cystic acne. The causes for acne are not limited to one portion of the population. Acne affects all ages, races and genders


Acne appears when a pore in our skin becomes clogged. This clog begins with dead skin cells. Normally, dead skin cells rise to surface of the pore, and the body sheds the cells. When the body starts to make lots of sebum (oil that keeps our skin from drying out), the dead skin cells can stick together inside the pore. Instead of rising to the surface, the cells become trapped inside the pore.

Sometimes bacteria that live on our skin, p. acnes, also get inside the clogged pore. Inside the pore, the bacteria have a perfect environment for multiplying very quickly. With lots of bacteria inside, the pore becomes inflamed (red and swollen). If the inflammation goes deep into the skin, an acne cyst or nodule appears.

Causes of acne include one or a combination of the following:

  • Genetics
  • Hormones
  • Prescribed Medications
  • Oil-Based cosmetics
  • Stress
  • Physical irritation
  • Humidity and Environmental pollutants

Risk Factors

If you have a bad case of acne, you may feel like you are the only one. But many people have acne. It is the most common skin problem in the United States. About 40 to 50 million Americans have acne at any one time.

Most people who have acne are teenagers or young adults, but acne can occur at any age. Newborn babies can get acne. Men and women get acne. Some women get acne when they reach middle age.


Acne is not just pimples. A person who has acne can have any of these blemishes:

  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads
  • Papules – Small pink bumps that may be tender to touch
  • Pustules - blockages of the pores and sebaceous glands that have become inflamed.
  • Cysts – deep, inflamed, pus-filled lumps
  • Nodules – large, painful, solid lumps that are lodged deep in the skin
  • Excessive oil

Acne can cause more than blemishes. Studies show that people who have acne can have:

  • Low self-esteem
  • Depression
  • Dark spots on the skin
  • Permanent Scars



Call us now to schedule an appointment for Acne Treatments in New York‎.